Relative Pronouns

Relative Pronouns (Kata ganti) –> that, who, whom, whose, which, of which, where

1. Who: Kata ganti orang posisi subjek

contoh

The girl is my sister. She wears a red hat.

The girl who wears a red hat is my sister.

2. Whom: Kata ganti orang posisi objek

contoh

The girl is beautiful. I met her yesterday

The girl whom I met yesterday is beautiful.

3. Whose: Kata ganti kepemilikan seseorang

contoh

That grandmother loves a boy. His car is big

That grandmother loves a boy whose car is big

4. Which: Kata ganti benda/sesuatu
contoh

The house is big. It has many rooms

The house which has many rooms is big

5. of which: Kata ganti kepemilikan benda/sesuatu
contoh

The car is luxury. its door made from steel

The car of which door made from steel is luxury.

6. That: Kata ganti sesuatu
contoh

a thing walks along the street. It is extremely ugly

a thing that is extremely ugly walks along the street

7. Where

contoh

a country where he lives is Afghanistan

 

nb:

of which = bagian

in which = didalamnya

from which = daripadanya

 

Exercises: (Translate into English)

1. Laki-laki yang Arum cintai mencintai gadis yang kaosnya biru

2. Buku yang didalamnya kamu dapat menemukan gambar naga harus disimpan di meja yang kaki-kakinya di cat merah

3. Gadis yang memakai celana panjang pink itu jatuh cinta pada laki-laki yang rambutnya seperti rambut kera

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