Concord – Kesesuaian antara Subjek dengan Verba

Concord merupakan kesesuaian bentuk antara subjek dengan verba (Subject-Verb Agreement).

Aturan-aturan dasar dalam Subject-Verb Agreement:

1. JAMAK

Diikuti oleh verba jamak bila merupakan:

  • Alat: Scissors, spectacles
  • Pakaian: Shorts, trousers, pyjamas
  • public, people, police, cattle, clergy
  • a number of, ex: a number of people
  • The + adjective, ex: The young need guidance
  • dua subjek yang dihubungkan dengan and, ex: Arif and Joko are friends

 

2. SINGULAR

Diikuti oleh verba tunggal bila merupakan:

  • Title, ex: From Zero to Hero is easy to read.
  • Distance, Time, Money (Uncountable noun), ex: five miles is still hard for me
  • The number of, ex: the number of students is sitting on the class
  • Ving, ex: shopping is her favorite’s hobby
  • Each, every, much , ex: Each students has got the workbook
  • Nama pelajaran, ex: mathematics, economics, etc

 

3. SINGULAR = PLURAL

singular =  plural bila:

  • Language/names
  • Animal, ex: duck, sheep, deer, fish, salmon, trout, pike, carp, grouse

 

Pada kata Other, berlaku:

  • Jika other diikuti nomina tunggal, maka verbanya tunggal

Contoh; There isn’t any other way to do

  • Jika other diikuti nomina jamak, maka verbanya jamak

Contoh: There aren’t any other ways to do

 

Referensi lain: http://linggris.wordpress.com

Iklan